Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

Volume 31, Number 1, June 1995
Russian Edition January -February 1995

[A. Khrgian] The present issue of this journal is dedicated to the memory of Aleksandr Khristoforovich Khrgian. In January 1995 he would have been 85. His studies in the area of atmospheric physics, meteorology, and the history of science brought him great fame and immense prestige in the scientific community. A. Kh. Khrgian was one of the first investigators of atmospheric ozone. As early as the 1950s, he completed his first theoretical and experimental studies, which gave insight into the peculiarities of ozone transfer by air flow and ozone distribution over the globe due to atmospheric circulation. Further development of the problem in the works by his numerous disciples gave birth to the Russian school of investigations into atmospheric ozone.

His fruitful scientific activities and enthusiastic cooperation with scientists from different countries, his kindness, and his charm made him one of the leaders in the area of atmospheric physics. His initiatives in organizing observations of atmospheric ozone in the USSR, along with his deep and unconventional analysis and interpretation of data helped to form a long-term world policy in establishing and developing a worldwide network for ozone observations. Detailed information on the subject can be found in the paper describing his activities (see vol. 29, no. 5, 1993, the present journal).

For many years A. Kh. Khrgian was a member of the International Committee on Atmospheric Ozone. He was awarded the Diploma of the International Committee and the WMO for his notable contributions to the development of ozonospheric investigations. During his last years he was a honorary member of the Committee. Since 1976 A. Kh. Khrgian permanently guided the Interdepartmental Seminar on Atmospheric Ozone. Regular meetings of the seminar drew a great audience and contributed to progress in this area of science. In January 1994 at the seminar meetings dedicated to the memory of A. Kh. Khrgian, a great number of scientific reports were made, which clearly manifested a great influence of his views and ideas on the progress of ozone investigations in Russia. The most important papers of those reported at the seminar are the contents of the present issue of Izv. Acad Sci. Russ. Atmos. Oceanic Phys. We believe that continuing scientific activities in the area of ozone investigation in Russia are due to A. Kh. Khrgian and serve as good reminders of our colleague and friend.

The Editorial Staff
International Committee on Atmospheric Ozone


On the history of setting up an ozone station network in Russia
G. P. Gushchin

Observations of minor species and UV radiation in atmosphere at high-mountain scientific station Kislovodsk
N. F. Elansky, A. Ya. Arabov, A. S. Elokhov, O. V. Makarov, V. V. Savastyuk, and I. A. Senik

Ozone and nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere above the Northern Tien Shan
V. N. Aref'ev, N. Ye. Kamenogradskiy, V. K. Semyonov, and V. P. Sinyakov

Anomalies in total ozone content and its vertical distribution during 1991-1993
Yu. A. Borisov, V. U. Khattatov, and V. A. Yushkov

Depletion of the total ozone content above the central Asian mountains
S. I. Avdyushin, A. D. Danilov, A. N. Zvyagintsev, A. I. Zheleznyakova, A. A. Starovatov, and I. I. Usupova

Study of parameters of the Azores high affecting ozone variations in western Europe
V. I. Bekoryukov, I. V. Bugayeva, G. R. Zakharov, Yu. P. Koshel'kov, A. A. Krivolutskiy, and D. A. Tarasenko

Tropical cyclone influence on the ozonosphere
A. F. Nerushev

Manifestation of solar activity processes in the terrestrial ozonosphere
A. A. Krivolutskiy, V. G. Kidiarova, I. N. Ivanova, V. N. Glazkov, and N. N. Fomina

Vertical ozone profile database
T. V. Kadygrova

Isolation of trends in ozone partial pressure at different altitudes in the atmosphere
T. V. Kadygrova and G. M. Krutchenitskiy

Characteristics of intraannual variability of ozone vertical distribution derived from ozonesonde data
A. N. Gruzdev and S. A. Sitnov

Two-frequency sounding of the atmospheric ozone
S. S. Khmelevtsov and Ye. D. Svetogorov

Influence of the atmospheric dynamics on the vertical ozone profile from results of the ground-based measurements at the millimeter radio waves
V. G. Kidiyarova, Ye. P. Kropotkina, and S. V. Solomonov

Field testing results of the Central Aerological Observatory electrochemical ozonesonde
A. M. Zviagintsev

Surface atmosphere layer ozone concentration over the Atlantic Ocean and the Weddell Sea
N. F. Elansky and T. A. Markova

Spatial ozone distribution in the atmospheric boundary layer over open regions of the Pacific and Indian Oceans
V. I. Egorov

Turbulent ozone flux over the steppe
N. F. Elansky, B. M. Koprov, D. Yu. Sokolov, and N. S. Thieme

Measurements of surface ozone concentration in Dolgoprudnyy during 1991-1993
A. M. Zvyagintsev

Is it possible to "repair" the ozone holes?
I. L. Karol', A. A. Kiselev, and V. A. Frol'kis

Numerical simulation of the aviation release impact on the ozone layer
S. P. Smyshlyaev and V. A. Yudin

Influence of volcano eruptions on the spectral ultraviolet albedo of the Earth's atmosphere
G. I. Kuznetsov and I. O. Kurbanov

Numerical model of mean zonal circulation, thermal regime and stationary planetary waves in the middle atmosphere
A. I. Ivanovsky, B. M. Kiryushov, and A. A. Kuminov

Rocket fuel release influence on the stratospheric ozone
E. L. Aleksandrov and G. V. Batomunkuyeva

Investigation of contribution from nonzonal components of ozone distribution in resonant excitation of atmospheric waves
A. A. Krivolutsky and B. M. Kiryushov

On the 60th birthday of S. A. Kitaigorodskii

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